The GCC was established in accordance with an agreement concluded in 1981 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE. These countries declared that the GCC is established in view of the special relations between them, their similar political systems based on Islamic beliefs, joint destiny and common objectives.
The geographic proximity of these countries and their general adoption of free trade economic policies are factors that encouraged them to establish the GCC.
The objectives specified were the achievement and enhancement of coordination in the different areas between the member countries and their people and the adoption of similar systems in economic and financial matters, commerce and customs, education and culture, social affairs and health, information and tourism, legislation and administration, science, technical, industrial, mining, agriculture, the establishment of joint project in these areas and the encouragement of private sector activities for the general benefit and welfare of their people.
In 1982 the GCC countries concluded the joint Economic Agreement granting specific privileges and advantages to nationals of member countries to perform economic and trading activities in other member countries. This was followed by similar other agreements to encourage economic relations, trade and practice of professions in the member countries.
Common Customs Law of the GCC States
Unification of the Customs laws and procedures in the Customs Administration of the GCC states is one of the main objectives that the GCC States seek to achieve. The adoption of a common Customs law, which unifies Customs procedures in all GCC Customs administrations and enhances cooperation among member States in the Customs field, is one of the envisaged objectives.